Biological disaster, prevention and rescue
- Biological Disasters, Rescue, Bio-terror, Pathogens
Biological Disaster leads to mass mortality due to the entry of virulent microbes into a congregation of susceptible people living in a manner suited to the spread of infection. The widespread of infection is caused by spore dispersal in the air. Small Pox spreads by aerosols, Typhus and Plague spread through vectors such as lice, fleas, rodents and mosquitoes. During emergency outbreaks in Laboratory, Hospitals and Health Care Industries, the essential protection against diseases of biological outbreaks (bioterrorism) will include the development of mechanisms for appropriate detection of such outbreaks, rescue of people from the counter places, preparedness of neutralizing the bio-terror agents, and mobilization of investigational and therapeutic counter measures. The spectrum of possible pathogens is narrow in case of deliberately generated outbreaks (bioterrorism) whereas biological outbreaks can have a wide range of pathogenic microbes. However, the mechanism required to face both outbreaks can be similar if the service providers are adequately sensitized. Therefore, novel strategies are essential to face such emergencies through mitigation. Neutralization of the bio-terror pathogens will be the prime step to control the infections in
affected regions. Mitigation of the airborne chemical, biological and radiological agents (CBR) will be carried out by employing an ideal Heating, Ventilation and Air-conditioning system.