Vol. 4 No. 4 (2014): Vol 4, Iss 4, Year 2014
Articles

Biological disaster, prevention and rescue

Bupesh G
King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research, Guindy, Chennai-600 032, Tamil Nadu, India
Sivasubramanian S
King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research, Guindy, Chennai-600 032, Tamil Nadu, India.
Gunasekeran P
King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research, Guindy, Chennai-600 032, Tamil Nadu, India
Raman K R K
King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research, Guindy, Chennai-600 032, Tamil Nadu, India.
Published December 30, 2014
Keywords
  • Biological Disasters, Rescue, Bio-terror, Pathogens
How to Cite
G, B., S, S., P, G., & K R K, R. (2014). Biological disaster, prevention and rescue. Journal of Management and Science, 4(4), 240-244. https://doi.org/10.26524/jms.2014.21

Abstract

Biological Disaster leads to mass mortality due to the entry of virulent microbes into a congregation of susceptible people living in a manner suited to the spread of infection. The widespread of infection is caused by spore dispersal in the air. Small Pox spreads by aerosols, Typhus and Plague spread through vectors such as lice, fleas, rodents and mosquitoes. During emergency outbreaks in Laboratory, Hospitals and Health Care Industries, the essential protection against diseases of biological outbreaks (bioterrorism) will include the development of mechanisms for appropriate detection of such outbreaks, rescue of people from the counter places, preparedness of neutralizing the bio-terror agents, and mobilization of investigational and therapeutic counter measures. The spectrum of possible pathogens is narrow in case of deliberately generated outbreaks (bioterrorism) whereas biological outbreaks can have a wide range of pathogenic microbes. However, the mechanism required to face both outbreaks can be similar if the service providers are adequately sensitized. Therefore, novel strategies are essential to face such emergencies through mitigation. Neutralization of the bio-terror pathogens will be the prime step to control the infections in
affected regions. Mitigation of the airborne chemical, biological and radiological agents (CBR) will be carried out by employing an ideal Heating, Ventilation and Air-conditioning system. 

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