Growth and instability in area, production and productivity of turmeric in selected states in india
- Compound Growth Rate; Instability; and Decomposition
India is popularly known as the “Spice Bowl of the World” for production of variety of spices with superior quality. Turmeric is called as Indian saffron and it is one among the important commercial crop grown in India. India is the largest producer and consumer of turmeric in the world. India contributes about 78 per cent of the world production and a major supplier of turmeric to the world with more than 60 per cent share in turmeric trade. In the last three decades Indian agriculture witnessed so many policy and technological changes. In this context an attempt is made in this study to examine the growth and instability in turmeric production in terms of area, production and yield in selected states of India. The components of change in average production and change in variance of production were also computed and analyzed with the help of decomposition analysis. The growth and instability in turmeric production in India have been examined using secondary data for the period of 32 years, from 1979-80 to 2010-11. This study is confined to five major turmeric producing states in India viz., Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Karnataka and Kerala. These five states contributed 72 percent of area under turmeric and 82 per of total turmeric production of the country. It is found that all the selected states registered significant growth in area, production and yield of Turmeric, except in the case of area in Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, production in Andhra Pradesh,Karnataka and Orissa and yield in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Orissa and Kerala. It is also found
from the analysis that the instability in area was reduced in Andhra Pradesh, production instability was reduced in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, yield instability was reduced in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. It can be concluded from the above analysis that liberalization measures introduced in 1991 is a mixed bag and its impact on agriculture sector, particularly on Turmeric Cultivation would vary from state to state.