Determinants of fdi inflows in india
- FDI; Developmental expenditure; Exchange rate; Fiscal deficit; GDP; UNCTAD; DIPP
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is often seen as an important catalyst for economic
growth in the developing countries. It affects the economic growth by stimulating domestic investment, increasing human capital formation and by facilitating the technology transfer in the host countries. The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of FDI determinants on FDI inflows in India from the period 1991-2009.The relationship between FDI inflow and its determinants have been analyzed by using the regression analysis and other variables that affect FDI inflows in India such as Developmental expenditure ratio, fiscal deficit ratio, exchange rate and other economic determinant such as GDP as the possible explanatory variables of foreign direct investment inflows in India. The expected results of the study are positive and statistically significant. Regarding the impact of various determinants on FDI in flows empirically, it has beenfound that all the variables except exchange rate have positively and significantly affecting FDI inflows i.e. increase in GDP, Developmental expenditure, foreign exchange reserves, increased the FDI inflows.